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It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile. Though there is tough protection in the park there are a few loopholes. The geographical topography with hostile terrain crisscrossed by several rivers and their distributaries, long international border with Bangladesh, fishing trawlers and launches helps in poaching, cutting of wood and also affecting the mangrove forests.
Lack of staffs, infrastructure and lack of funds also added up the factors. Vulnerabilities in the coastal zone are increasing with accentuations of natural hazards caused by environmental degradation, climate change and human activities as well as exploitation of mangrove.
It has already affected Bangladesh by land erosion, salinity intrusion and loss in biodiversity. Its potential threats are coming even strongly in the future.
Due to climate change effects, the incidences of tropical storms and tidal surges have been increased in the coastal belts of Bangladesh, India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Sidr, Aila and Nargis are the typical examples which have caused significant damages of lives and properties of the coastal zones.
It will affect MDGs, causing environmental refugees. Most vulnerable sectors to one meter rise are coastal ecosystem of Bangladesh. Continuing development technology and urbanization, especially in the coastal zones, huge toxic materials, from the industries like textile and dying, hide-skin and leather, medicine, pesticide and fertilizer industries etc.
Moreover, hypoxia from agriculture and animal raring, processing of organic matter and sewage changes in land use leading to destruction of mangroves and massive loss of coastal lives and property, as well as translocation of populations.
Moreover, expansion of sea beach hotels, motels and recreation zone by cutting shoreline hills has destroyed a great part of the beach which needs immediate attention from further destruction. Due to availability of cheap laborers, ship breaking industry is growing very fast in the coastal zone mainly concentrated in Sitakund, Baroawlia, Bhatiari and Kumira, just north of Chittagong city on the Bay of Bengal.
Ship-breaking activities present both challenges and opportunities for our coastal zone management. Meeting the increasing demand for raw materials such as steel needs to be balanced with the negative impact this activity is having on our coastal environment and the conditions of the workers.
In Bangladesh, ships containing lead, cadmium, organo-tins, arsenic, zinc and chromium, oils, organophosphates, asbestos, materials are being cut up and handles manually, on open beaches, with no consideration given to safe and environmentally friendly waste management practices which can result in lung cancer, cancer of the skin, intestine, kidney, liver or bladder and damage blood vessels.
Ships are not properly cleaned before beaching. Generally, an eyewash test is carried out to certify that a ship is free from dangerous chemical and fumes. Ship breaking activities is a threat to both the terrestrial and marine environment as well as to public health.
It is like a mini version of a city that discharges every kind of pollutants a metropolis can generate like liquid, metal, gaseous and solid pollutants.
We are a community interested in world affairs and using our intuition to see the direction of our world. This website is the property of intuitive reader/channel Jeanne Mayell, who brings people together here to learn intuitive skills and awaken intuitively to our world.. We help each other through these times and look for the more beautiful world we know is coming. Admission for PG Programmes: Session How to obtain Application Form & Prospectus. 1. Candidate seeking admission to any PG programmes at University of Science & Technology(USTM), during the academic session may obtain the prescribed Application form along with prospectus from the Administrative Office of university campus at 9th Mile, Kling Road (Opposite CRPF Gate No. . Bangladesh launches national tree plantation movement 0 CommentsPrint E-mail Xinhua, June 2, Adjust font size: Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Tuesday inaugurated a three-month National Tree Plantation Movement and one-month National Tree Fair with a call to plant at least three saplings by each .
Oil films on water reduce the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide across the air-sea interface which is harmful to aquatic life.
It also causes damage to the bird population by coating their feathers with oil which causes buoyancy and insulation losses. Sometimes spilling may cause wide spread mortality amongst the population of fish, mammals, worms, crabs, mollusks and other water organisms.
Furthermore, oil spilling may cause serious damage by reduction of light intensity, inhibiting the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide across the air-sea water interface, and by acute toxicity. As a result the growth and abundance of marine organisms especially plankton and fishes may seriously be affected.
Indiscriminate expansion of ship breaking activities poses a real threat to the coastal inter-tidal zone and its habitat YPSA A huge wastes and toxic materials are being dumped everyday in the Bay. Many people die during exposition of gas cylinders and lack of proper safety measures.
There should be a specific rules and regulation for such activities in the coastal zones. With the growing concern of coastal ecosystem damages Bangladesh has taken some protective measures to protect lives and resources with massive coastal afforestation, making shelter houses and freshwater reservoirs.
Habitat of wildlife is well-maintained through eco-conservation, eco-development, training, education and research. Seminars, workshops, awareness camps, etc.
Mangrove and other plants are planted in the fringe area to meet the local need of fuel wood for about villages and to conserve the buffer area. Conservation of soil is done to maintain the ecological balance.
Several sweet water ponds have been dug up inside the park to provide drinking water to the wild animals. The number of casualties has been reduced from 40 to 10 per year. The reduction in number of casualties is a result of strict control over the movement of the people inside the tiger reserve, alternative income generation and awareness building among people.
The Mangrove Interpretation Centre is established at Sajnekhali to make the local people and tourists aware about importance of conservation of nature in general and specially the mangrove eco-systems.
Adaptation and Sustainability Adaptation and mitigation are two options for Bangladesh of which the first one is country specific, or even local specific, but mitigation demands collective efforts of global communities. Development of adaptation policies for different sectors will help Bangladesh to face the crucial hazards of sea level rise.
From the Table 1, Case Studies reveal that Bangladesh is greatly successful in reducing human death toll but structural, livestock and resource damages have been increased which needs more research on coastal zone management.We are a community interested in world affairs and using our intuition to see the direction of our world.
This website is the property of intuitive reader/channel Jeanne Mayell, who brings people together here to learn intuitive skills and awaken intuitively to our world..
We help each other through these times and look for the more beautiful world we know is coming. State owned Navratna PSU, NBCC(India) Limited under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), has reported a strong Q2FY19 earnings with its net profit up by % to Rs crore as against Rs crore in the corresponding quarter for last year.
DHAKA, July 18 (Xinhua) -- Bangladesh has launched a nationwide mega tree planting campaign aimed at addressing climate change. This year, the Bangladeshi government has announced to plant 3 million trees across the country on the occasion of National Tree Plantation Campaign and Tree Fair Prime Minister Imran Khan arrived in Haripur on Sunday to launch a countrywide tree plantation drive.
"Today we launch our tree plantation drive #Plant4Pakistan across the entire country," he said in a message on Twitter. Bangladesh Launches National Tree Plantation Movement Essay Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Tuesday inaugurated a three-month National Tree Plantation Movement and one-month National Tree Fair with a call to plant at least three saplings by each individual on all open spaces to protect environment and biodiversity.
Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with persons per km2 and with the vast majority of its people (77%) living in the rural areas.
Women, who constitute about 49% of the total, are the most disadvantaged and vulnerable population segment. More than two thirds of the people under the poverty line are women.