George Kelly has been called the father of cognitive psychotherapy along with Aaron Beck, Albert Ellis, maybe the Greek philosopher Epictetus, who in the first century AD said it is not the event itself that determines our behavior but how we perceive the event, and even Evagrius, the fourth century monk who cataloged eight logismoi ,a combination of thoughts and passions, which were later condensed into the Seven Capital Sins.
Early life[ edit ] Bandura was born in Mundarein Albertaan open town of roughly four hundred inhabitants, as the youngest child, and only son, in a family of six.
The limitations of education in a remote town such as this caused Bandura to become independent and self-motivated in terms of learning, and these primarily developed traits proved very helpful in his lengthy career.
Bandura's parents were a key influence in encouraging him to seek ventures out of the small hamlet they resided in.
The summer after finishing high school, Bandura worked in the Yukon to protect the Alaska Highway against sinking. Bandura later credited his work in the northern tundra as the origin of his interest in human psychopathology. It was in this experience in the Yukon, where he was exposed to a subculture of drinking and gambling, which helped broaden his perspective and scope of views on life.
Bandura arrived in the US in and was naturalized in He married Virginia Varns — in and they raised two daughters, Carol and Mary. Bandura graduated in three years, inwith a B.
Arthur Benton was his academic adviser at Iowa,  giving Bandura a direct academic descent from William James while Clark Hull and Kenneth Spence were influential collaborators. During his Iowa years, Bandura came to support a style of psychology which sought to investigate psychological phenomena through repeatable, experimental testing.
His inclusion of such mental phenomena as imagery and representationand his concept of reciprocal determinismwhich postulated a relationship of mutual influence between an agent and its environment, marked a radical departure from the dominant behaviorism of the time.
Bandura's expanded array of conceptual tools allowed for more potent modeling of such phenomena as observational learning and self-regulation, and provided psychologists with a practical way in which to theorize about mental processes, in opposition to the mentalistic constructs of psychoanalysis and personology.
Post-doctoral work[ edit ] Upon graduation, he completed his postdoctoral internship at the Wichita Guidance Center. The following year,he accepted a teaching position at Stanford Universitywhich he holds to this day.
He also worked as a sports coach. He directed his initial research to the role of social modeling in human motivationthought, and action. In collaboration with Richard Walters, his first doctoral student, he engaged in studies of social learning and aggression. Their joint efforts illustrated the critical role of modeling in human behavior and led to a program of research into the determinants and mechanisms of observational learning.
Social learning theory[ edit ] Main article: Social learning theory The initial phase of Bandura's research analyzed the foundations of human learning and the willingness of children and adults to imitate behavior observed in others, in particular, aggression.
He found that according to Social Learning theory, models are an important source for learning new behaviors and for achieving behavioral change in institutionalized settings. First, the antecedent inducements greatly influence the time and response of behavior.
The stimulus that occurs before the behavioral response must be appropriate in relationship to social context and performers. Second, response feedback influences also serve an important function. Following a response, the reinforcements, by experience or observation, will greatly impact the occurrence of the behavior in the future.
Third, the importance of cognitive functions in social learning. For example, for aggressive behavior to occur some people become easily angered by the sight or thought of individuals with whom they have had hostile encounters, and this memory is acquired through the learning process.
A Social Learning Analysis in During a period dominated by behaviorism in the mold of B. SkinnerBandura believed the sole behavioral modifiers of reward and punishment in classical and operant conditioning were inadequate as a framework, and that many human behaviors were learned from other humans.
Bandura began to analyze means of treating unduly aggressive children by identifying sources of violence in their lives. Initial research in the area had begun in the s under Neal Miller and John Dollard ; his continued work in this line eventually culminated in the Bobo doll experimentand in 's hugely influential treatise, Social Learning Theory.
In Bandura conducted a controversial experiment known as the Bobo doll experimentdesigned to show that similar behaviors were learned by individuals shaping their own behavior after the actions of models.
Bandura's results from this experiment changed the course of modern psychology,  and were widely credited for helping shift the focus in academic psychology from pure behaviorism to cognitive psychology. When the adults were praised for their aggressive behavior, the children were more likely to keep on hitting the doll.
However, when the adults were punished, they consequently stopped hitting the doll as well.Event. Date.
Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Kelly proposed his personal construct theory as an alternative view that departed from these two prominent points of view. George Kelly and Personal Construct Theory. Article. What Personality Theories in Psychology May Tell You About Yours.
- George Kelly, The Language of Hypothesis, George Kelly was a famed psychologist best known for his contributions to Personal Construct Theory. George Kelly was born near Perth, Kansas. Albert Bandura OC (/ b æ n ˈ d ʊər ə /; born December 4, ) is a Canadian-American psychologist who is the David Starr Jordan Professor Emeritus of Social Science in Psychology at Stanford University..
Bandura has been responsible for contributions to the field of education and to several fields of psychology, including social cognitive theory, therapy, and personality psychology, and.
George Lakoff is professor of linguistics at the University of California at Berkeley, and the coauthor, with Mark Johnson, of Metaphors We Live r-bridal.com was one of the founders of the generative semantics movements in linguistics in the s, a founder of the field of cognitive linguistics in the s, and one of the developers of the neural theory of language in the s and '90s.
Personal construct theory or personal construct psychology (PCP) is a theory of personality and cognition developed by the American psychologist George Kelly .